Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats


Guatteria.']                         FLORA INDICA.                                   139

oblongus, basi intus sulcatus. Torus panun elevatus, plano-convexus,
interdum medio excavatus." Carpella, sicca, pericarpio tenui ssepe fra-
giii. Semen erectum.Arbores tape procera, wl frutices (interdum
scandentes ?) haMtu varia, folifs oblique nereow, inflorescentia axUlari

We retain the genus Guatteria nearly as left by Blame and Martins. It is still
very extensive, and perhaps not quite natural, though we have not been able, to
find any good characters for subdividing it. The greater number of the species are
American.
1.  G. longifolia (Wall/Cat. 64421); foliis e basi lata longissime
atigustatis, floribus versus >apicem pedunculi axillaris racemosis, pelalis
elongatis, carpellis ovoideis.W. et A.! Prod. i. 10; JTi#U9 Ic. t.-1:
Uvaria loagifolia, Lam.; JtoxbJ~M. Ind. ii. 664. Unona longifolia, Dun.
Anon. 109; DC. Syst. i. 492, Prod. i. 90.
HAS. In sylvis Zeylanise 1 et Tanjor, Wight / per ,totam Indiam
tropicam frequentissime culta.(v. v. cult.)
Arfor procera, elegans^ ramis adscendentibus. JfamaU graciles, glabri; gemmae
pubescentes. Folia basi pleramque in petiolnm angustata, raring rotundata, sub-
membranacea, margine ua^'ulata, 5-8 poll, longa yd interdum ffere pe'dalia, 1-2
rarius 3 poll, lata, pet. ^-^-poll;; ntrinque glaberrima, lucida, peUucido-pTuictata^
nervis obliq[tds parallelis, veuulis crebre reticulatis. Peduncul* ad^aadllasfolioraia
dekpsorura, breves, ^ poll, longi vel plerumque tnnlto brevioresi iaferdnm vix ulli,
solitarii vel bini (et tune 1 sesSlis), cinereo-incaoi, basi bracteqlis Jtaautis squamse-
formibus muuiti. Pedicelli plurimi, secus pedunculi apicem, dense xacemosi,. brac-
teis parvis snffulti, elongati, graciles, 1-2-poflicares. Sepcda extns pnbernla. Petala
f-poll., c basi lata subulata, parallele nervosa. Torfo fntcfas pnbescens. Carpella
plerumque panca, f poll, longa, pedicello i-poll., glabra, fusca^ vk granulata.
This well known and very ornamental tree is commonly planted along roads in
Bengal and throughout the"southern parts of India,'but scarcely at all beyond the
tropics, the winters of the northern parts of Hindostan being probably too cold for
it. Roxburgh did not know its native country, and w.e learn from Blmne that it is
not a native of Java. It appears, however, to be really indigenous in Ceylon, and
in the southern part of the Madras Peninsula.
2.  G. bifaria (Alpb. DC, M&n. "41); foliis elliptic** acuminatis
basi acutis punctatis superne glabris subtus pubescentibus, pedunculis
axillaribus nudis, l-iloris, petalis linear!-lanceolatis, carpellis Ibnge sti-
pitatis OYoideis. Wall. Cat. 6447 !
HAB. In Ava circa Promej Wall.!(v. *. sine fare.}
Tbis species is said to differ from the next only by the linear petals. * The speci-
mens in the Linnean Society's herbarium, which are the only ones we. have seen, are
unfortunately not in flower. We cannot, however, distinguish them in any way-from
G. cerasoides ; our diagnosis is, therefore, taken verbatim from Alph. Be CandQlle.
3.  G. cerasoides (Dunal, -Anon. 28); foliis lanceolatis vel ob-
longo-lanceolatis subtus pubescentibus, pedicellis 1-3 ad apicem pe-
dunculi axillaris tuberculiformis, petalis ovato-oblongis, carpellis ovoi-
deis apiculatis longe pedicellatis.DC. Syst. L 603, Prod. i. 93 ; Waty.
Cut. 64S6 ! W. et A.I Prod. i. 10.   Uvaria cerasdde^ Ro&i Cor. i.
t. 83, m. Ind. 2. 660.
HAB. In moutibus tropicis et sabtropicis Bahar, Tia^..